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What is fibromyalgia syndrome?

Fibromyalgia is a disease very similar to chronic fatigue syndrome, characterized by pain in the muscles and bones specifically. The disease spreads throughout the world without ethnic or social exclusion.

Causes of fibromyalgia:

The exact cause of fibromyalgia is still vague for science. However, research has identified several factors that can contribute to fibromyalgia. This includes risk factors that increase a person's chances of getting sick.

  • Genetics
    Fibromyalgia may occur in families. It is possible that there is an inherited genetic abnormality that makes some people more susceptible to fibroids. The National Institute of Arthritis, Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) states that some genes may regulate the way the body regulates pain responses. Scientists show that people with fibromyalgia may have one or more genes that cause them a strong reaction to pain stimuli unlike other people.
  • Catalysts
    For many patients, symptoms begin after an emotional or physical trauma or a bout of contagious disease. These factors probably do not cause fibroblastic pain in themselves, but may stimulate their appearance in people who are already more susceptible to injury.
  • Sleep disorders
    In this disease the problems of getting enough sleep, or not spending enough time deep during the sleep stages, are common. However, doctors are not sure whether this is symptomatic or cause of the disorder. Incorrect sleep patterns can affect the levels of certain chemicals in the brain.

Risk factors

There are many factors that suggest an increased risk of fibromyalgia syndrome. However, their presence does not necessarily mean confirming the diagnosis of the disease, and these factors:

  • Gender
    According to NIAMS, women are more likely to get sick from men than 8-9 times. Scientists believe female genital hormones may play a role in pain disorders.
  • Age
    According to NIMAS, the most common age for fibromyalgia syndrome is between 20 and 50 years.
  • Family History
    If a family member has fibromyalgia, you are more likely to develop the disease.
  • Sleep disorders
    It is not known whether sleep problems are a symptom or cause of fibromyalgia. However, people with sleep disturbances such as sleep apnea and leg pain syndrome are more likely to develop fibromyalgia.
  • Other rheumatic diseases
    Rheumatoid diseases affecting the joints, muscles and bones, people with rheumatic diseases are more likely to suffer from fibrous muscle pain as well. These include:
    Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Rheumatoid arthritis

References :

Med Life